Jacob Anton Schorer was born on March 1, 1866 in a tiny village in Zeeland, the calvinistic south-west corner of the Netherlands. Soon he moved with his family to the old provincial city of Middelburg, where his father started an impressive career as a judge. Schorer studied law, too, becoming a doctor iuris in 1897. In 1893 his family was ennobled, so he was entitled to wear the honorific ‘Jonkheer’. In the footprints of his father, Jacob Schorer became a conscientious and precise lawyer and assistant judge with a conservative, secretarial mind. However, on his mind was something else, too: he loved men. Especially, young men in their late teens and early twenties. As a devout Christian, he wrestled with this problem for a long, long time. In 1903, he was in love with an adolescent or young man, and this affection was discovered. Nothing had happened, but he could not stay on as a lawyer and overnight Jacob fled from Middelburg. A few weeks later he went to Berlin and did as he was advised (possibly by Arnold Aletrino): he went to see Magnus Hirschfeld.
Hirschfeld helped Schorer to adapt to his new situation: a homosexual, a gay man in a strange country. In a short time, Schorer learned a lot – he learned about the history of homosexuality, famous homosexuals from the past, the roots in the Ancient Greek era. In Berlin he met several Dutchmen, for instance Lucien S.A.M. von Römer, a medical doctor who was doing research on the percentage of homosexuality; Hubert Schouten, a fallen vicar who wrote in Hirschfeld’s Jahrbuch für sexuelle Zwischenstufen; with Aletrino and Hirschfeld (and possibly Paul Näcke) he went on the Grand Tour of gay life in Berlin: its clubs and cafés, its ‘Urning Balls’, the streets, the reform movements. Schorer developed a militant desire to attain equality for homosexual and heterosexual love and (next to his work for an insurance company) lent himself as a secretary for Hirschfeld, for the Jahrbuch and for the Wissenschaftlich-humanitäres Komitee, the scientific-humanitarian committee that had been founded by Hirschfeld in 1897 to campaign against legal persecution of homosexuals (better, LGBTs, for Hirschfeld included all Zwischenstufen, ‘intermediate sexuality’). He met and helped many famous protagonists of homosexuality, like Benedict Friedlaender, John Henry Mackay and Adolf Brand. In Berlin, he started collecting books, articles and other materials about homosexuality. He had found the occupation of his life.
Schorer assisted Von Römer in his research, doing a lot of humble handwork: accounting, filling in graphs, typing endless texts. He was as an ‘Obmann’ at Hirschfeld’s side during the Eulenburg scandal, all the time using his own name, one of the few financial contributors to the Komitee to allow printing it out in full: Jonkheer Dr. jur. J.A. Schorer.
Then, in 1909 his father died, and he had to leave Berlin, the bustling paradise, for Holland. His mother went to live with him and his sister in Den Haag (The Hague), the residence of Queen and government, where he set himself to work energetically in the fight against the injustice of a new Morality Law article introduced in 1911, that forbid sexual contact between someone over 21 with someone of the same sex between 16 and 21 years old. For heterosexual contacts, the age of consent was 16. Schorer wrote some pamphlets and started the Dutch branch of the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee, the Nederlandsch Wetenschappelijk Humanitair Komitee (NWHK). One of his methods of agitation was a printed annual report, sent to many influential people (doctors, vicars, members of parliament, but also to university students). Another was building a library, for providing information to anyone interested. A third method was visiting influential people and trying to convince them – making use of his noble title, his many old school ties, and a knack of breaking the ice with strangers.
Schorer attained a lot in the almost thirty years his NWHK existed, despite many setbacks. The fatal setback however was the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands in 1940. At the day of the Invasion, May 10, 1940, Schorer burnt his archive and all his addresses, ready to go underground. But only a few weeks later his house was raided and his massive and priceless library on homosexuality taken to Berlin, never to be found again. He never overcame this loss.
Some years later, Schorer, now 77 years old, had to leave Den Haag for a small town in the east of the Netherlands. After the war, he didn’t revive his Committee, but had to leave the fight to a new organisation, the Shakespeare Club, soon to be renamed C.O.C. In his last years, clear-headed to the end, he contented himself with a quiet life. Schorer died on August 18, 1957, 91 years old.
1. ALETRINO, A. Hermaphrodisie en uranisme. Voordracht, den 5en Juni 1908 te Amsterdam voor de candidaten van de Juridische Faculteit van het A.S.C. gehouden. Amsterdam, Van Rossen, 1908. Original front wrapper pasted on boards. 80 p. First edition. Some repairs. With old library stamp and a bookplate (designed by Cor Alons).
* “Hermaphrodisy and Uranism. Lecture of June 5, 1908 for the candidates of the Juridical Faculty of the Amsterdam Students Union”. Bookplate of Philip Tuyt (1881-1943), a homosexual psychiatrist, member of Schorer’s Committee.
2. BENDER, L. Verderfelijke propaganda (naar aanleiding van het jaarverslag 1936 van het Nederl. Wetenschappelijk Humanitair Komitee). Heemstede, Comité van Katholieke Actie “Voor God”, 1937. Original wrappers. 16 p. First edition. Some spots on lower cover.
* “Corrupting Propaganda”. Father Bender, a Catholic priest, irritated by Schorer’s 1936 annual report, strongly opposed homosexuality and the way Schorer disseminated his public information. Schorer reacted scathingly to this pamphlet in his 1938 annual report.
3. COMMUTATOR Homosexualiteit (Geslachtelijke neiging voor personen van dezelfde sexe). Bevattende tevens een proeve van bestrijding van Prof.Dr. H.Y. Groenewegen’s werk “Het donkere vraagstuk der sexueele ethiek”. Amsterdam, N.V. Ontwikkeling, 1927. Original wrappers. 352 p. First edition. A bit slanted.
* Voluminous early Dutch study about homosexuality, with a polemic directed against theologian professor Groenewegen, who had written a study “The Dark Problem of Sexual Ethics”. Written under pseudonym by parliamentary journalist Albert J. Luikinga, who was an old friend of Schorer.
4. GROENEWEGEN, H.Y. Het donkere vraagstuk der sexueele ethiek. Leiden, S.C. van Doesburgh, 1923. Original wrappers. viii, 176 p. First edition. Upper cover loose and worn at the edges.
* “The Dark Problem of Sexual Ethics”. Extensive refutation of the first ideas of Dutch homosexual emancipation by the theologian professor H.Y. Groenewegen, who may have known Schorer from his university days in Leiden. Schorer’s fellow worker ‘Commutator’ reacted extensively on this book (see Nr. 4 of this list), and Groenewegen felt he had to write another reaction, in 1928.
5. GROENEWEGEN, H.Y. Kanselwerk. Leiden, S.C. van Doesburgh, 1923. Original decorated cloth. 208 p. First edition. Spine slightly worn.
* “Pulpit Work”. Collection of sermons and devotional sketches by the clergyman, later professor Hermanus IJsbrand Groenewegen (1862-1930), one of Schorer’s adversaries. This book has nothing to do with homosexuality. It has an interesting art nouveau binding design by Ties Bles.
6. GUTTZEIT, Johannes Naturrecht oder Verbrechen? Eine Studie über weibliche Liebe bei Männern und umgekehrt. Leipzig, Wilh. Besser, . Original wrappers. 72 p. First edition. Cover slightly damaged. Some foxing. With a purple window bill about the works of spiritualist Andrew Jackson Davis, occasioning extra foxing.
* Very rare and early pamphlet about homosexuality, containing the memories of a man turned woman, ‘Die Marquise de Pompadour’. One of the first publications of homosexual life stories from the inside. Johannes Guttzeit (1853-1935) was a philosopher interested in natural law and social equality. A pertinacious life reformer, he didn’t shy for trials and prison.
7. HEEZEN, Charley van Anders. Den Haag, Luctor et Emergo, 1918. Original decorated cloth. 250 p. First and only edition. Spine a bit discolored, binding slightly foxed.
* Rare and early Dutch novel with homosexuality as a main subject, the first with a happy ending! Charley van Heezen was a pseudonym of the idealistic writer J.H. François, a close friend of Schorer. The cover for Anders (“Different”) was designed by the Dutch gay artist Willem Arondeus (1894-1943). This book, like François’s other titles, was promoted by the N.W.H.K.
8. HEEZEN, Charley van Het masker. Door Charley van Heezen. (Schrijver van “Anders” en van den “Open brief aan hen die anders zijn dan de Anderen”). Den Haag, Luctor et Emergo, 1922. Decorated cloth (designed by Eduard Veterman; some minor defects). (2), 222 p. First and only edition. Spine a bit dull, but a very good copy and a beautiful book.
* “The Mask”. The second pseudonymous novel by J.H. François with homosexuality as a main subject. It is especially interesting because it extensively treats gay life in 1920. Also with a vivid account of a major homosexual scandal in Den Haag.
9. HIRSCHFELD, Magnus, as Th. RAMIEN Sapho en Socrates. De liefde voor het eigene geslacht. Amsterdam, Bauer & Co., . Original wrappers. 48 p. First edition. Some pages roughly opened. On the last page a remark in pencil: “Zeker, maar dit alles is niet natuurlijk!” (‘Surely, but all this is not natural!’). And another, perceptive, remark in blue pencil in the text: ‘God the author of evil?’
* “Sappho and Socrates. The Love for one’s Own Sex”. Very rare Dutch translation of Magnus Hirschfeld’s first publication about homosexuality, that was published in 1896 under the pen-name Th. Ramien. In fact, this is one of the very first Dutch publications about homosexuality. Bauer & Co. was a publisher of risky, often sexy and sensational books. It would be interesting to know who occasioned or translated this little pamphlet (published long before Schorer, Schouten and Von Römer started), but unfortunately we don’t know.
10. HIRSCHFELD, Magnus, (ed.) Vierteljahrsberichte des wissenschaftlich-humanitären Komitees. Herausgegeben statt des Jahrbuch für sexuelle Zwischenstufen mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Homosexualität. 1. Jahrgang, Heft 3. April 1910. Leipzig, Max Spohr, 1910. Original wrappers. (112) p. First edition. Wrappers worn, loose and damaged.
* Third quarterly of the first broken-up volume of the Jahrbuch für sexuelle Zwischenstufen, the aftermath of this remarkable scientific sex periodical in 4 loose parts, with original (worn) wrappers. Contains an article about critical assessments of Paragraph 175, an extensive section of ‘cases’, victims of that article: prison, extortion, suicide. Also the bibliography of the 1908-1909 period and a detailed account of gifts to the Committee, and some Committee activities: Magnus Hirschfeld read for a meeting of the Cercle international d’études sociales et littéraires, obviously a French gay organisation (February 26, 1910). In the discussion a.o. Comte d’Adelswärd-Fersen, Numa Praetorius and Camille Spiess took a lively part. Wish I could have been there…
11. HIRSCHFELD, Magnus, (ed.) Vierteljahrsberichte des wissenschaftlich-humanitären Komitees. Herausgegeben statt des Jahrbuch für sexuelle Zwischenstufen mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Homosexualität. 1. Jahrgang, Heft 4. Juli 1910. Leipzig, Max Spohr, 1910. Original wrappers. (112) p. First edition. Wrappers worn, loose and damaged.
* Fourth quarterly issue of the Jahrbuch für sexuelle Zwischenstufen. More critical assessments of Paragraph 175, Leo Pavia writes about prudery, hypocrisy and alcohol as obstacles for the emancipation of homosexuality in England, an section of ‘cases’ and some extensive fragments about homosexuality by Fontane and Freud (about Leonardo). The bibliography is a.o. concerned (5 pages) with the French monthly Akademos (ed. Jacques d’Adelswärd-Fersen), and the Committee communications give a complete list of its functionaries. Jonkheer J.A. Schorer is one of the 40 ‘Obmänner’, literally President, but in fact the Committee’s representative in Den Haag.
12. HIRSCHFELD, Magnus Berlins Drittes Geschlecht. Berlin, Hermann Seemann Nachfolger, . Original wrappers. 80 p. 16th-25th thousand. Cover damaged, worn and loose. No binding anymore.
* About ‘Berlin’s Third Sex’ or homosexuality in that thriving industrial metropolis of the beginning of the 20th century. Not the usual art-nouveau wrappers: with advertisement on the rear for a collection of “Jüdische Witze“. A very fragile book, and a poor copy. Series ‘Grossstadt-Dokumente’ 3.
13. HIRSCHFELD, Magnus Jahrbuch für sexuelle Zwischenstufen mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Homosexualität. Herausgegeben unter Mitwirkung namhafter Autoren im Namen des wissenschaftlich-humanitären Komitees. 2. Jahrgang. Leipzig, Max Spohr, 1900. Original gilt cloth. (8), 488 p. Illustrated. First edition. Old orange library ticket on spine. Rubber stamp from the “Stiftung Schrenck-Notzing”. Otherwise in fine condition.
* Vol. 2 of the Annual for Sexual Intermediates. Albert Freiherr von Schrenck-Notzing (1862-1929) was a physician and psychiatrist interested in paranormality and homosexuality.
14. HIRSCHFELD, Magnus Jahrbuch für sexuelle Zwischenstufen mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Homosexualität. Herausgegeben unter Mitwirkung namhafter Autoren im Namen des wissenschaftlich-humanitären Komitees. 1., 2. & 3. Jahrgang. Leipzig, Max Spohr, 1899-1901. The first three Yearbooks. Rebound, but using two of the original wrappers! Illustrated. First editions. These books were repaired by a bookseller in the basest and simplest way, but luckily the rare original wrappers of vol. II and III were re-used. Backstrips and missing wrappers were replaced with pages from a Dutch illustrated book of the 50s. Missing pages supplied in photocopy. Titles scribbled on backstrips. Uncut. Loosening.
* The covers of Vol. II contain only the first 8 pages of Vol. II, and thereafter the full text of Vol. I! The wrapper of Vol. III contains p. 1-464 of vol. III plus 465-480 of vol. II, missing its last 8 pages (supplied in photocopy). The other volume doesn’t have original wrappers. It contains p. 9-464 of Vol. II and 465-616 (end) of Vol. III.
This garbled set contains the very rare Vol. I (complete, but without original covers)
Vol. II (original wrappers and p. 1-480, missing the last page of text, financial accounts and publisher’s book lists)
Vol. III (complete, with original front wrapper).
If you are dexterous with books, you may make an excellent set of rare books from this material.
These Yearbooks were published before Schorer’s arrival in Berlin, but he must have perused them thoroughly. The extensive bibliography by the Strasbourg lawyer Eugen Wilhelm has kindled in Schorer the desire to found his own library about homosexuality.
15. HIRSCHFELD, Magnus Oorzaken en wezen van het uranisme [Liefde voor hetzelfde geslacht]. Amsterdam, G.P. Tierie, 1904. Original wrappers. (8), 178 p. With (folding) illustrations. First edition. Backstrip worn. Some damage to the delicate cover. Reparation with tape on last pages.
* With introduction (20 pages) by A. Aletrino, although some elements in it are pointing to Hubert Schouten. The Dutch translation of Ursachen und Wesen des Uranismus, from the publication in the Yearbook 1903.
This is the copy of protestant theologian Teunis Doevendans Wz. (1869-1949), with his dated signature on the first flyleaf (“Elburg, 8 December 1904”), an orthodox vicar who had to relinquish his office in 1922 because he loved men. When he renounced his love, Doevendans was admitted again in some circles.
16. JONGH, B. Tj. de Wat de Indische zedenmisdrijven ons te zeggen hebben. Een critisch woord naar aanleiding van hetgeen hierover in de Indische – en Nederlandsche pers werd geschreven. Amsterdam, De Ploeger, (1939). Original wrappers. 24 p. First edition. Tiny edge tear, some browning, otherwise fine.
* About the scandal of the discovery of homosexuality under European civil servants and others in the Dutch East Indies (1938-1939). The pseudonym hides gay activist J.H. François (alias Charley van Heezen), who was a retired civil servant, formerly working in the Dutch Indies. With some (clarifying!) marginal notes in pencil.
17. MÉRODE, Willem de De overgave. Baarn, E.J. Bosch Jbzn, 1919. Decorated cloth (design Jan van der Leeuw). 128 p. First edition. Not a perfect copy, but very acceptable.
* Early (and attractive) volume of poems by Willem de Mérode (pseud. of Eduard Koning), a schoolteacher and influential protestant poet, who in 1923 went to prison for the infamous Article 248bis. The decoration of the book was designed by Jan van der Leeuw (1889-1945), a friend and protégé of Jacob Schorer. They might have known each other already in Middelburg. Van der Leeuw was destined to be one of Schorer’s testamentary beneficiaries, however, he died long before his benefactor.
18. NOYON, T.J. De strafbepalingen der Wet van 20 Mei 1911, Staatsblad No. 130, tot bestrijding van zedeloosheid. Supplement op Het Wetboek van strafrecht verklaard. Arnhem, R. Gouda Quint, 1912. Original wrappers. 52 p. First edition. Some creasing by waterstaining.
* From the author of a very voluminous commentary on the Dutch criminal law (1500 pages). This is a mildly critical brochure about the new morality laws, of which Article 248bis was only one.
19. RÖMER, L.S.A.M. von Ongekend leed. De physiologische ontwikkeling der geslachten in verband met de homosexualiteit. Rede uitgesproken op cursusvergaderingen van “Rein Leven” te Amsterdam, Haarlem en Utrecht op den 16en en 21en Februari en den 9en Maart 1904. Amsterdam, G.P. Tierie, 1904. Original wrappers. VIII, 80 p. First edition. Tiny label on cover. Bookblock loose. Owner’s stamp on first page.
* “Unknown Suffering”. One of the earliest positive-minded originally Dutch publications on homosexuality, written by the neurologist Lucien von Römer (1873-1965). This is the first publication of results of his surveys on sexual habits, the first statistical research on sexuality in the world. These lectures anticipate Von Römer’s dissertation (which would be rejected because of the subject), Het uranisch gezin (1905). A significant fragment of Ongekend leed includes a partial translation of the drama Jasminblüthe by Ludwig Dilsner, that portrays a homosexual son in a family.
20. SAGITTA (= John Henry MACKAY) Wer sind wir? Eine Dichtung der namenlosen Liebe. Berlin-Treptow, Bernhard Zack’s Verlag, 1906. 21 x 17 cm. Original wrappers. 64 p. Uncut. First edition. A bit creased and worn. With owner’s stamp of Roeland van Ruijven.
* “Who Are We?” Poignant, direct, emotional gay love poetry, rhythmical singing about longing and sorrow. Second of the Buecher der namenlosen Liebe, in first edition, luxuriantly printed in 1000 copies on Zanders Bütten with endpapers of thin Japanese paper, and covers of Imperial Japanese (printed in gold).
Of the planned six Books of Nameless Love, two were first published together in 1906 (this is one of these). After about 200-250 numbered copies had been sold, they were forbidden and were seized by the police. Part of this first edition was recovered by Mackay after 1918 and sold – with a pen line in the place of the edition number. This is one of these unnumbered copies. Of the seven book publications under Mackay’s pseudonym Sagitta during his life (1864-1933) this is the second: SAGITTA 02 (1906).
Roeland van Ruijven was a minor theatre author, who published one story about homosexuality in 1906. Schorer counted the Sagitta books under his most cherished. During his Berlin years, Schorer had contact with Mackay, and later he helped with the distribution of his books outside Germany. When in the Hyperinflation Mackay had lost all his money, Schorer recruited supporters for him (‘Die hundert Sagittas’).
21. SAGITTA (= John Henry MACKAY) Anzeige. Die Bücher der namenlosen Liebe von Sagitta. Neue vermehrte Gesamtausgabe in einem Bande. Self-published, . 28,6 x 14,1 cm. Leaf of pale blue paper, printed on one side only. Stamp with name and address of ‘Jhr. Mr. J.A. Schorer’ and a correction in pen. Price of ’15 Mark’ striked out by Schorer, who added the price in Dutch guilders: f 9.50. Partly a bit browned.
* Extremely rare advertising leaf (in German) for the revised, definitive edition of ‘Sagitta’s Books of Nameless Love‘. The correction by Schorer of his own address refers to a renumbering of the Laan van Meerdervoort in the year 1925. Jacob Schorer and Henri François helped distribute Sagitta’s book publications.
22. SAGITTA (= John Henry MACKAY) Die Buecher der namenlosen Liebe. Neue Gesammt-Ausgabe. Self-published, 1924. 16,5 x 12 cm. Cloth with dust jacket and slipcase. 488 p. No publisher mentioned. Fine copy with the often missing original green unprinted dust jacket. Edges of slipcase and spine section of dust jacket a bit discoloured.
* The revised, definitive edition of the first six of Sagitta’s Buecher der namenlosen Liebe (‘Sagitta’s Books of Nameless Love’). One of 2000 copies, numbered (possibly by the author himself!) both on the printed ticket of the slipcase and in the book. Contents: Vorwort (=Preface for this edition) – Die namenlose Liebe – Wer sind wir? – Fenny Skaller – Über die Stufen von Marmor – Am Rande des Lebens – Gehoer! Nur einen Augenblick! That is, a coming out prose text, two volumes of verse, a full-fledged, intensely touching gay novel, a play and a political pamphlet. The preface recounts the history of Mackay’s mighty one-man’s fight with homophobia. Of the seven book publications under Mackay’s pseudonym Sagitta during his lifetime (1864-1933) this is the sixth: SAGITTA 06 (1924).
23. SAGITTA (= John Henry MACKAY) Der Puppenjunge. Die geschichte einer namenlose Liebe aus der Friedrichstrasse. ‘Privat-Ausgabe’, 1926. Gilt cloth. 368 p. Printed in 2000 numbered copies. First edition. Spine slanted and torn at one edge. Small dog’s ear at last page.
* Mediocre copy of this well-documented Berlin novel about a rent boy. It’s a very low number, 63 / 2000.
24. (SCHORER, J.A.). SHAKESPEARE CLUB Orgaan en Mededelingenblad van het Wetenschappelijk-, Cultureel- en Ontspanningscentrum. October 1947. Amsterdam, Shakespeare Club, 1947. Original wrappers. 32 p. Illustrated. With a leaf of advertisements in a different color. First edition. Excellent condition.
* Important issue with accounts of the feast that celebrated the first year of the existence of this Dutch gay emancipation movement. Soon it was to be renamed C.O.C., Centre for Culture and Recreation. In a standing ovation, Jhr. Schorer was created the Shakespeare Club’s first Member of Honor. With a short letter of thanks from Schorer and an important sketch of the history of homosexual periodicals in the Netherlands. Schorer’s annual account was the first. In 1932, a magazine ‘Wij‘ (= We) was cut short by police action after one issue, and in 1940 ‘Levensrecht‘ (=Right to Live) was terminated after three issues by the outbreak of the War, to be continued in 1946. The present issue is an offspring of Levensrecht. With nice personal ads.
25. (SCHORER, J.A.). C.O.C. Vriendschap. Orgaan Cultureel- en Ontspanningscentrum Nederland. 11e jrg. September-oktober 1956. Amsterdam, C.O.C., 1956. Original wrappers. (32) p. Illustrated. Printed in blue and black. First edition. Horizontal fold (from having been in the mail).
* With a letter of memories written by Schorer (who was ninety at the time) about his battle for justice for homosexuals since the dawn of the 20th century. This is a special (double) issue for the 10th anniversary of the C.O.C. Also about “Islam and Homosexuality” (!).
26. (SCHORER, J.A.). SEITZ, J.M. Die Nacktkulturbewegung. Bücherei der Schönheit. Dresden, Verlag der Schönheit, 1923. 15,5 x 12 cm. Original decorated wrappers (design F. Weschke). 160 p. With photographic illustrations on art paper. First edition. Backstrip worn.
* “The Movement of Nude Culture. Library of Beauty”. This copy with the simple bookplate of Jacob Schorer: “Jhr. Dr. J.A. Schorer/ Laan van Meerdervoort 539/ ‘s-Gravenhage/ Tel. 332081. Giro 205199.” Only a few books have survived from Schorer’s library. They have an elementary bookplate like this. The NWHK books have the addition “Nederl. Wetensch. Hum. Komitee”. Die Nacktkulturbewegung is a nice, little German book about naturism. Schorer was an enthusiastic sun bather and practised this hobby since his early days in Zeeland.
27. SCHORER, J.A. De geschiedenis der calamiteuse polders in Zeeland tot het Reglement van 20 Januari 1791. Proefschrift ter verkrijging van den graad van Doctor in de Rechtswetenschap aan de Rijks-Universiteit van Leiden (…) op Zaterdag 13 Februari 1897, des namiddags te 3 uren, door Jacob Anton Schorer, geboren te Heinkenszand. Leiden, Eduard IJdo, 1897. Original gilt cloth. All edges gilt. (8), 200 p. First edition. Upper gutter loose.
* Thesis of Schorer about the history of risky polders in Zeeland. Without any structure and ending suddenly, as if Schorer hadn’t known how to make an end to this book – and a huge, overdetailed and tedious mass of words it is…
28. SCHORER, J.A. Jaarverslag. Maart 1919. Den Haag, Jhr. J.A. Schorer, 1919. Without wrappers, as issued. 44 p. First edition. A bit foxed and worn. A few pencil lines.
* “Annual Report, March 1919”. Very delicate booklet full of actual history of the emancipation of homosexuality in the Netherlands. Schorer reacts to various parties protesting against the right to live as they want of homosexuals. With relish he recounts a vilification by a member of his own family, ‘Jonkheer Mr. F.H. R. H.’ or Radermacher Schorer. We see a warlike Jacob Schorer enjoying his fights with Catholic priests and Protestant ministers, politicians and librarians. The annual contains a section on just published books and articles, part of Schorer’s budding library. Some of these were for sale at his house. The report has been signed in print by Aletrino’s widow, the authors Exler and Van Heezen, scientist Von Römer, Willem van Maanen, a friend and secretary, and Schorer himself. Extremely rare.
29. SCHORER, J.A. Jaarverslag. Maart 1938. Den Haag, Jhr. Dr. J.A. Schorer, 1938. Stapled without wrappers, as published. 16 p. First edition. Excellent condition.
* “Annual Report 1938”. Very thin and delicate booklet full of text, the recent history of the emancipation of homosexuality in the Netherlands. Extensively about a polemic with a Catholic priest, Dr. Bender, who had attacked Schorer’s Committee. Also with a detailed financial account.
One of a series of annual reports, that first started in 1917 and ended under pressure in 1920. In 1933 Schorer started again publishing his reports. They were printed in massive numbers and sent to all physicians, all members of parliament and all students. Needless to say, most of these were indignantly thrown away, and as a result these reports are quite rare.
30. SCHORER, J.A. Jaarverslag. Maart 1939. Den Haag, Jhr. Dr. J.A. Schorer, 1939. Stapled, without wrappers, as published. 16 p. First edition. Excellent condition.
* “Annual Report 1938”. Very thin and delicate booklet full of text, the recent history of the emancipation of homosexuality in the Netherlands. About polemics with Protestant clergymen and magazines, about accusations of the National-Socialist press and about the extending scandal in the Netherlands East Indies, where about 200 homosexuals were arrested. Schorer mentions Hirschfeld, Von Römer, De Jongh alias J.H. François, and various books, legislative changes (Switzerland, Poland) and books that emancipate homosexuality. With a section on the famous Library of the Dutch Scientific Humanitarian Committee and the way it functioned.
One of a series of annual reports of the NWHK. The last was published in March, 1940. This report, dated March 1939, was printed in 20.000 copies, however, it is very rare.
31. SCHORER, J.A. Tweeërlei maat. Kritische beschouwingen naar aanleiding van het nieuw voorgestelde artikel 248bis Wetboek van Strafrecht in het den 16 Sept. 1910 gewijzigde wetsontwerp tot bestrijding van zedeloosheid. Den Haag, Gebr. Belinfante, 1911. Original wrappers. (4), 60 p. First edition. Backstrip worn, cover loose. A few small repairs on the inside. Vague pencil scribbling on upper cover.
* A title that’s difficult to understand for modern Dutchmen even, but it literally means ‘Two Different Measures’ or ‘Same Act, Different Judgment’. About the law that was to be introduced in the Netherlands, that forbid men of 21 and older to have sex with males under 21, whereas the limit for sex with females was 16. This unequal law was to cause a lot of blackmail and suicides. In this book, Schorer opposes the law on juridical grounds in his sharpest and most militant manner, invoking logic and shooting a lot of scientific ammunition at his opponents. In this way he managed to influence several members of parliament, but not enough – the law was approved. A very rare brochure, albeit in worn condition.
32. SCHORER, J.H. Schorers Kalender für die deutsche Familie. Berlin, J.H. Schorer AG, (1892). Richly decorated cloth. (4), 8, 194, 24 p. incl. flyleaves. Illustrated. First edition. Some corner wear. Old library ticket on upper cover.
* Jacob Hendrik Schorer (1839-1931), was a relative of Schorer’s, who moved to Berlin in the 1870s, where he founded a publishing firm. His most famous publication was Schorer’s Familienblatt, an illustrated family periodical. About 1900 he returned to the Netherlands. This Kalender is an amusing book for every member of the family. It was published from 1892-1894.
33. (SCHORER, Jhr. J.A., G. HELPMAN & J.H. FRANÇOIS). LIESHOUT (ed.), Maurice van Een groeiend zedelijk kwaad. Documenten over de criminalisering en emancipatie van homoseksuelen 1910-1916. Amsterdam, Het Spinhuis, 1992. Original wrappers. (8), 294 p. Illustrated. First edition.
* “A Growing Moral Evil”. Reprints of important early texts on homosexuality, with a historic introduction by Maurice van Lieshout & H.J. van Heek. Texts by J.A. Schorer, H.J. Schouten, J.H. François and several others.
34. (SCHOUTEN, H.J., as:) LEENDERTSZ, Mr. H.J. De waarde van kindergetuigenis in foro. (Baarn, Hollandia-Drukkerij), . Original wrappers. 40 p. (+ 4 p. publisher’s ads). Errata leaf. First edition. Fine condition.
* “The Value of Childrens’ Testimonies in Court”. Brochure about children witnessing in court, written by Hubert J. Schouten / Mr. J. Helpman under a different pseudonym. A.o. about Magnus Hirschfeld, citing sad court cases where men were convicted because children were misunderstood. Hubert Schouten, a former vicar, was author of many pamphlets, some about love for adolescents. He was an early, energetic co-worker on the liberation of homosexuals, visiting Hirschfeld in Berlin even before Schorer. Schouten was a man of thunder and lightning in his writings. Theo van der Meer called him a “risky ally”, because he was not absolutely stable and at times not keeping as scrupulously at the good side of the fence of law, as Jacob Schorer himself did.
35. STOURI, B.I. / TILET, S. ‘Uranisme’. Satirical poem in Rideamus. Een nieuw medisch prentenboek voor medici en patiënten, bevattende tal van ware, vreemde en kluchtige geschiedenissen, boertige rijmen en spreuken, klassieke en kersversche moppen, versierd met fraaie en vermakelijke prenten van oude en jonge meesters. Uitgegeven en gedrukt ter gelegenheid der LXIIIe Algemeene Vergadering van de Nederlandsche Maatschappij tot bevordering der Geneeskunst, gehouden te ‘s-Gravenhage, Hooimaand anno MCMXII.
Amsterdam, Gebroeders Binger, 1912. 33 x 25 cm. Original decorated wrappers. 24 p. With drawings. Printed in red and black. First edition. Backstrip a bit worn. (Added: the 1913 and 1914 volumes of this annual).
* Very luxurious humoristic annual, full of jokes and fake advertisements (and some real ones) for physicians, edited by Johan Siedenburg (1875-1961) under the pen name B.I. Stouri. Siedenburg worked for De Ware Jacob, a satiric periodical, and later owned an art shop. This funny publication contains a poem, written by a pseudonymous ‘S. Tilet’, about the work of Jonkheer Schorer. In spite of the satirical nature in fact this is a very benevolent text:
‘Jonkheer Meester J.A. Schorer/ Bracht naar Neêrland dit idee/ (…) Heel de menschheid is verblind/ Als zij homosexueelen/ Niet volkomen zeed’lijk vindt’.
In English: Schorer brought from Germany the idea to the Netherlands, that humanity is blind if it thinks homosexuals are immoral.
36. (WIJSMAN, Jacques) De moord op Mr. Wijsman! !! De sluier opgelicht!! Amsterdam, Uitgevers-Maatschappij “De Doofpot”, . Original wrappers. 16 p. First edition. A bit discolored. On the cover a rubber stamp of publisher C.J. Koster Azn. in Amsterdam.
* “The Murder of Lawyer Wijsman! The Veil Lifted!” Sensational pamphlet of the supposed life and ‘uranian’ crimes of lawyer Jacques Wijsman, the victim of the infamous ‘Train Murder’ on December 31, 1921. In fact, Wijsman was an ordinary homosexual trying to keep separate his various circles of friends. He was a friend of Jacob Schorer, and by testament left his library to his older comrade, an important addition to the Dutch Scientific Humanitarian Committee. Also, he left an annuity to his boyfriend, the actor Gerard Vrolik (1882-1944). The riddle of the murder has never been solved, but legion were the criminals and impostors who claimed to possess the key. This pamphlet was published by one of these.
37. ORTT, Felix De dieren in het hiernamaals. Den Haag, Anti-Vivisectiestichting, (ca. 1950). Geniet. 16 p. Heel lichte slijtage aan de hoeken.
* Met ‘van de schrijver’ op het omslag. Een eigenhandige pennenstreek dus van Felix Ortt (1866-1959), christen-anarchist en antivivisectionist, die in 1915 het voorwoord schreef van de Open brief aan hen, die anders zijn dan de anderen. Door een hunner (van J.H. François).
38. (RETHAAN MACARÉ-ONTIJD, Florentine) Londen en de Wereld-Tentoonstelling, of Veertien dagen in de hoofdstad van Groot-Brittannië, in den Jare 1851. Met eene plaat. Utrecht, C. van der Post jr., 1852. Halfleer met titelschildje. (2), VIII, 204 p. Met staalgravure van de Tower en de haven van Londen als frontispice. 1e druk. Band gerepareerd. Wat roestvlekjes.
* Verslag van een bezoek aan Londen waar in 1851 de Wereldtentoonstelling werd gehouden. Onderhoudend boek met veel details (ook getallen en geldbedragen). Met handgeschreven opdracht voorin van de schrijfster ‘aan mijne Vriendin G.A. Heineken’. Jkvr. Florentine Rethaan Macaré (1812-1887) was de echtgenote van C.A. Rethaan Macaré, wethouder van Middelburg. Zij was een oudtante van J.A. Schorer. Mevrouw G.A. Heineken was vermoedelijk familie van de stichter van wat nu het Heineken-concern is, Gerard Adriaan Heineken
39. SCHORER, E.P. Autograph letter signed on mourning paper dated “18 July 1869”. 21,2 x 13,5 cm. Folding leaf of black-rimmed paper. 41 lines. Foxed.
* To an unknown correspondent (possibly a member of his family), to whom Jacob’s father Eduard Pieter Schorer (1837-1909) hands 600 guilders from his deceased father Pieter Nicolaas Schorer (1764-1869). Some historical details about his father’s old house, ‘Noordhout’ near Serooskerke. The Schorer family is going to move to a grand house at the Dam in Middelburg. Jacob Schorer was named after his grandmother, Jacoba Susanna Schorer-Rethaan Macaré (1799-1865).
40. SCHORER, Jhr.Dr. J.A. Gelijkheid van recht, ook hier! ‘s-Graveland, De Driehoek, . Original wrappers. 32 p. First edition. Excellent copy.
* The last publication about homosexuality by the éminence grise of homosexual emancipation in the Netherlands, Jacob Schorer (1866-1957): ‘Equality of the Law, Here Also!’
41. SCHORERSTICHTING Dossier for the Schorerstichting, consisting of a folder, a letter and some clippings. 1. Consultatiebureau voor homofilie. Printed leporello folder of 6 leaves, 1968. 2. Printed circular letter of the Stichting “Vrienden van de Jhr. Mr. J.A. Schorerstichting”. 1970. 3. Carbon copied letter dated ’20 maart 1970′, signed in ballpoint by Henri Methorst, with his printed letterhead. 4. Two original paper clippings, both dated 14/xi ’68 in red ink, about the opening of the Schorerstichting, the first health centre for homosexuals, by State Secretary for Culture, Recreation and Welfare H.J. van de Poel.
* Early folder of the Schorerstichting, advertising the opening on November 14, 1968.
Henri Methorst (an interpreter by profession, 1909-2007) was an important international figure in the gay emancipation movement, especially in the 1950s and 1960s when he stimulated international congresses and contacts